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Special Considerations


This article may contain information on medical procedures that are not recommended or endorsed by Catholic Health Partners. Promotion of this topic is prohibited by the Ethical and Religious Directives for Catholic Health Services. In the Ethical and Religious Directives, Catholic health institutions are prohibited from condoning contraceptive practices. Married couples should be given information about natural family planning as well as the church’s teachings on responsible parenthood. The information in this article is designed for educational purposes only. It is not provided as a professional service or as medical advice for specific patients.

Pelvic laparoscopy - series

The female reproductive organs are in the pelvis. The fallopian tubes connect the ovaries to the uterus



Normal anatomy

Pelvic laparoscopy is used both for diagnosis and for treatment and may be recommended for:

  • pelvic pain due to uterine tissue found outside the uterus in the abdomen (endometriosis)
  • infections (pelvic inflammatory disease) not responsive to drug therapy
  • suspected twisting (torsion) of an ovary
  • ovarian cyst
  • scar tissue (adhesions) in pelvis
  • puncture through the uterus (uterine perforation) following D&C or by IUD
  • evaluation of infertility
  • sterilization (tubal ligation)
  • evaluation of a pelvic mass (such as in a Fallopian tube or ovary) that was confirmed previously by abdominal ultrasound


Indications

While the patient is deep asleep and pain-free (general anesthesia), a one-half inch incision is made in the skin below the navel (umbilicus).



Incision

Air is pumped into the abdomen to make the organs of the abdominal cavity more easily visible. The laparoscope is inserted and the area can be viewed. Instruments can be inserted through the scope to obtain tissue samples or to perform certain surgical procedures. After the laparoscopy, the gas is released and the incision is stitched.



Procedure

Patients are usually able to go home within 24 hours of surgery. Results depend on the procedure performed and the disease present.



Aftercare
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The information provided herein should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. A licensed medical professional should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions. Call 911 for all medical emergencies. Links to other sites are provided for information only -- they do not constitute endorsements of those other sites. © 1997- 2010 A.D.A.M., Inc. Any duplication or distribution of the information contained herein is strictly prohibited.

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