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This article may contain information on medical procedures that are not recommended or endorsed by Catholic Health Partners. Promotion of this topic is prohibited by the Ethical and Religious Directives for Catholic Health Services. In the Ethical and Religious Directives, Catholic health institutions are prohibited from condoning contraceptive practices. Married couples should be given information about natural family planning as well as the church’s teachings on responsible parenthood. The information in this article is designed for educational purposes only. It is not provided as a professional service or as medical advice for specific patients.

Mesotelioma (benigno-fibroso)

Definición

Es un tumor no canceroso del revestimiento del pulmón y de la cavidad torácica, un área llamada pleura.

Ver también: mesotelioma maligno

Nombres alternativos

Mesotelioma benigno; Mesotelioma fibroso; Tumor fibroso localizado de la pleura; Fibroma pleural

Causas, incidencia y factores de riesgo

Un mesotelioma benigno afecta con mayor frecuencia a los hombres que a las mujeres.

Síntomas

Aproximadamente la mitad de las personas con esta enfermedad son asintomáticas, lo cual significa que no muestran ningún síntoma.

Si el tumor crece hasta tener un gran tamaño y comprime el pulmón, puede llevar a que se presente dificultad para respirar.

Otros síntomas abarcan:

Signos y exámenes

Durante un examen físico, el médico puede notar la presencia de dedos en palillo de tambor. El tumor generalmente se encuentra por accidente cuando se lleva a cabo una radiografía del tórax por otras razones.

Otros exámenes que pueden mostrar un mesotelioma maligno son, entre otros, los siguientes:

Tratamiento

Generalmente se necesita tratamiento para extirpar el tumor.

Grupos de apoyo

Expectativas (pronóstico)

Se espera que el pronóstico sea bueno con un tratamiento oportuno. La enfermedad puede retornar en aproximadamente 1 de cada 10 casos y puede volver a ocurrir hasta 10 años más tarde.

Complicaciones

Una complicación es un derrame pleural (líquido que escapa hacia las membranas alrededor de los pulmones).

Situaciones que requieren asistencia médica

Consulte con el médico si nota síntomas de mesotelioma.

Prevención

Referencias

Broaddus VC, Robinson BWS. Tumors of the pleura. In: Mason RJ, Broaddus VC, Martin TR, et al, eds. Murray and Nadel’sTextbook of Respiratory Medicine. 5th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier; 2010:chap 75.

Celli BR. Diseases of the diaphragm, chest wall, pleura, and mediastinum. In: Goldman L, Ausiello D, eds. Cecil Medicine. 23rd ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier; 2007:chap 100.

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    Review Date: 9/15/2010

    Review By: David C. Dugdale, III, MD, Professor of Medicine, Division of General Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Washington School of Medicine; Denis Hadjiliadis, MD, Assistant Professor of Medicine, Division of Pulmonary, Allergy and Critical Care, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M., Inc.

    The information provided herein should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. A licensed medical professional should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions. Call 911 for all medical emergencies. Links to other sites are provided for information only -- they do not constitute endorsements of those other sites. © 1997- 2010 A.D.A.M., Inc. Any duplication or distribution of the information contained herein is strictly prohibited.

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