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Pancreatitis

Definición

Es la inflamación del páncreas, una glándula localizada por detrás del estómago. Esta glándula secreta las hormonas insulina y glucagón, al igual que enzimas digestivas que le ayudan a uno a digerir y absorber los alimentos.

Nombres alternativos

Causas, incidencia y factores de riesgo

Para mayor información, ver el tipo específico de pancreatitis:

Síntomas

Los síntomas pueden abarcar:

Signos y exámenes

Los exámenes que se pueden llevar a cabo abarcan:

Ver los tipos específicos de pancreatitis para mayor información.

Tratamiento

Ver los tipos de pancreatitis específicos.

Grupos de apoyo

Expectativas (pronóstico)

Ver los tipos de pancreatitis específicos.

Complicaciones

Ver los tipos de pancreatitis específicos.

Situaciones que requieren asistencia médica

Consulte con el médico si presenta dolor abdominal persistente o ictericia, con o sin otros síntomas.

Prevención

Ver los tipos de pancreatitis específicos.

Referencias

Banks PA, Freeman ML; Practice Parameters Committee of the American College of Gastroenterology. Practice guidelines in acute pancreatitis. Am J Gastroenterol. 2006 Oct;101(10):2379-400.

Frossard JL, Steer ML, Pastor CM. Acute pancreatitis. Lancet. 2008;371:143-152.

Owyang C. Pancreatitis. In: Goldman L, Ausiello D, eds. Cecil Medicine. 23rd ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier; 2007: chap 147.

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    Review Date: 1/20/2010

    Review By: David C. Dugdale, III, MD, Professor of Medicine, Division of General Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Washington School of Medicine; George F. Longstreth, MD, Department of Gastroenterology, Kaiser Permanente Medical Care Program, San Diego, CA. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M., Inc.

    The information provided herein should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. A licensed medical professional should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions. Call 911 for all medical emergencies. Links to other sites are provided for information only -- they do not constitute endorsements of those other sites. © 1997- 2010 A.D.A.M., Inc. Any duplication or distribution of the information contained herein is strictly prohibited.

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