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Tracción

Definición

Como término general, tracción significa halar sobre una parte del cuerpo.

Casi siempre, la tracción utiliza fuerza mecánica (algunas veces generada por pesas y poleas) para ejercer tensión sobre una articulación o hueso desplazado, como en el caso de un hombro dislocado, con el fin de colocarlo de nuevo en posición e inmovilizarlo.

La tracción también se utiliza para mantener un grupo de músculos, como los músculos del cuello, estirados con el fin de reducir los espasmos musculares. Esto se denomina tracción cervical.

Nombres alternativos

Información

Como tratamiento, la tracción implicará una cierta cantidad de tensión utilizada para halar la parte del cuerpo hasta otra posición, una cantidad de tiempo para usar la tensión y una manera de mantenerla.

Referencias

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    Review Date: 8/11/2009

    Review By: David C. Dugdale, III, MD, Professor of Medicine, Division of General Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Washington School of Medicine. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M., Inc.

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