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Virilización

Definición

Es cuando una mujer desarrolla características sexuales masculinas o un niño recién nacido que tiene aumento de las características masculinas al nacer.

Nombres alternativos

Información

La virilización puede ser causada por:

  • Exceso de producción de testosterona
  • Uso de esteroides anabolizantes

En las niñas recién nacidas, la afección puede ser causada por:

  • Ciertos medicamentos que la madre tomó durante el embarazo
  • Hiperplasia suprarrenal congénita en el bebé o la madre
  • Otras afecciones médicas en la madre (como tumores de los ovarios o glándulas suprarrenales que liberan hormonas masculinas)

Los signos de virilización en una mujer pueden abarcar:

Los exámenes pueden abarcar:

Referencias

Stewart PM. The adrenal cortex. In: Kronenberg HM, Shlomo M, Polonsky KS, Larsen PR, eds. Williams Textbook of Endocrinology. 11th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier;2008:chap 14.

Styne DM, Grumbach MM. Puberty: ontogeny, neuroendocrinology, physiology, and disorders. In: In: Kronenberg HM, Shlomo M, Polonsky KS, Larsen PR, eds. Williams Textbook of Endocrinology. 11th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier;2008:chap 24.

Endocrine Society. Androgen therapy in women: An Endocrine Society Clinical Practice Guideline. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2006;91(10):2697-3716.

Parker KL. Sexual Differentiation. In: Griffin JE, Ojeda SR. Textbook of Endocrine Physiology. New York, NY: Oxford University Press; 2004:167-185.

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    Review Date: 4/12/2009

    Review By: Linda J. Vorvick, MD, Medical Director, MEDEX Northwest Division of Physician Assistant Studies, University of Washington School of Medicine; and Susan Storck, MD, FACOG, Chief, Eastside Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Group Health Cooperative of Puget Sound, Redmond, Washington; Clinical Teaching Faculty, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Washington School of Medicine. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M., Inc.

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