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Our Health Information Database is provided by A.D.A.M. the leading provider of electronic and printed information for professionals and consumers in healthcare and industry. It provides authoritative, reliable content written and reviewed by an editorial board who represent a variety of specialty areas. This board reviews and evaluates all healthcare information to ensure it is accurate, reliable, and can be used with complete confidence. And now you have access to the same authoritative, trusted clinical information relied upon by health professionals around the world.
Glándulas endocrinas


Las glándulas endocrinas liberan hormonas en el torrente sanguíneo.

Las glándulas endocrinas abarcan:

  • Las glándulas suprarrenales
  • El hipotálamo
  • Los islotes de Langerhans en el páncreas
  • Los ovarios
  • Las glándulas paratiroides
  • La glándula pineal
  • La hipófisis
  • Los testículos
  • La glándula tiroides
Sistema endocrino
Sistema endocrino

Nombres alternativos


Cuando una glándula libera una sustancia, esto se denomina secreción. La hipersecreción se presenta cuando se liberan demasiadas hormonas, mientras que la hiposecreción sucede cuando se liberan muy pocas hormonas.

Muchos trastornos diferentes pueden resultar de la liberación de demasiadas o de muy pocas hormonas.

A continuación, aparece una lista parcial de las enfermedades que se pueden presentar cuando una glándula particular no produce la cantidad correcta de hormonas.





Glándula pituitaria
Glándula pituitaria

Testículos y ovarios:

  • Falta de desarrollo sexual (genitales ambiguos)



Gill GN, Clemmons DR. Principles of endocrinology. In: Goldman L, Ausiello D, eds. Cecil Medicine. 23rd ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier; 2007:chap 240.

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    Review Date: 5/2/2009

    Review By: Linda J. Vorvick, MD, Medical Director, MEDEX Northwest Division of Physician Assistant Studies, University of Washington, School of Medicine. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M., Inc.

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