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Glándulas endocrinas

Definición

Las glándulas endocrinas liberan hormonas en el torrente sanguíneo.

Las glándulas endocrinas abarcan:

  • Las glándulas suprarrenales
  • El hipotálamo
  • Los islotes de Langerhans en el páncreas
  • Los ovarios
  • Las glándulas paratiroides
  • La glándula pineal
  • La hipófisis
  • Los testículos
  • La glándula tiroides
Sistema endocrino
Sistema endocrino

Nombres alternativos

Información

Cuando una glándula libera una sustancia, esto se denomina secreción. La hipersecreción se presenta cuando se liberan demasiadas hormonas, mientras que la hiposecreción sucede cuando se liberan muy pocas hormonas.

Muchos trastornos diferentes pueden resultar de la liberación de demasiadas o de muy pocas hormonas.

A continuación, aparece una lista parcial de las enfermedades que se pueden presentar cuando una glándula particular no produce la cantidad correcta de hormonas.

Suprarrenales:

Páncreas:

Paratiroides:

Hipófisis:

Glándula pituitaria
Glándula pituitaria

Testículos y ovarios:

  • Falta de desarrollo sexual (genitales ambiguos)

Tiroides:

Referencias

Gill GN, Clemmons DR. Principles of endocrinology. In: Goldman L, Ausiello D, eds. Cecil Medicine. 23rd ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier; 2007:chap 240.

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    Review Date: 5/2/2009

    Review By: Linda J. Vorvick, MD, Medical Director, MEDEX Northwest Division of Physician Assistant Studies, University of Washington, School of Medicine. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M., Inc.

    The information provided herein should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. A licensed medical professional should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions. Call 911 for all medical emergencies. Links to other sites are provided for information only -- they do not constitute endorsements of those other sites. © 1997- 2010 A.D.A.M., Inc. Any duplication or distribution of the information contained herein is strictly prohibited.

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