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Mastoidectomía

Definición

Es una cirugía para extirpar las celdillas en los espacios huecos y llenos de aire que se encuentran en el cráneo por detrás del oído, las cuales se denominan celdillas mastoideas.

Nombres alternativos

Descripción

La cirugía solía ser una forma común de tratar una infección en las celdillas mastoideas. Dicha infección generalmente resultaba de una infección auditiva que se diseminaba al hueso circundante en el cráneo.

Indicaciones

En la actualidad, la mastoidectomía rara vez es necesaria, debido a que las infecciones se tratan comúnmente con antibióticos.

Sin embargo, esta cirugía se puede utilizar para tratar otros problemas, como:

Riesgos

  • Cambios en el sentido del gusto
  • Mareo
  • Hipoacusia
  • Infección que persiste o sigue reapareciendo
  • Ruidos en el oído (tinnitus)
  • Debilidad de la cara

Antes de su operación

Expectativas después de la cirugía

Convalecencia

Referencias

Lambert PR. Mastoidectomy. In: Cummings CW, Flint PW, Haughey BH, et al, eds. Otolaryngology: Head & Neck Surgery. 5th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Mosby Elsevier; 2010:chap 142.

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      Review Date: 8/3/2010

      Review By: Linda J. Vorvick, MD, Medical Director, MEDEX Northwest Division of Physician Assistant Studies, University of Washington, School of Medicine; Seth Schwartz, MD, MPH, Otolaryngologist, Virginia Mason Medical Center, Seattle, Washington. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M., Inc.

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