Diabetes Tips: An Active Role in Infection Control
There are so many components to managing
diabetes—watching what you eat, checking your blood sugar level, taking
medication, injecting insulin, making sure you exercise regularly—that
preventing infections may be the last thing on your list of things to do. But
people with type 1 and 2 diabetes are more likely than those in the general
population to experience infections. Recurring infections are also more likely.
The most common areas of the body where infections develop include the
- Respiratory tract
- Urinary tract
What steps can you take to
reduce your risk of developing infection?
- Get a flu shot.
This can help reduce your risk of developing a respiratory tract infection.
- Look for signs of
skin infections. These can include
skin that is hot, red, swollen or inflamed.
- Be aware of signs of
urinary tract infection. These
include cloudy or bloody urine or painful urination.
- Notice the signs of a
respiratory tract infection. These
include fever and a deep cough that produces phlegm.
- Be aware of general
signs of infection. These include
fever, nausea and vomiting and weakness
Remember, infections can be
harder to control when you have diabetes, so it’s important to do what you can
to prevent them and to act early if you think you may be developing one. Your
best bet is to see your doctor right away if you suspect an infection may be
Clinical Infectious Diseases, 1 August 2005;
National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Disorders.