Pap Tests: How Often?
It's not always clear how often women should have a cervical
Pap test to screen for cervical cancer. Experts have differing
College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists recommends annual
screenings for most women.
American Cancer Society says that Pap screenings every three
years are okay for women who have had three consecutive
often you should have a Pap smear is a decision you should
make with your doctor. It should be based on your specific
not to decide on your own to have Pap tests less frequently.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; American College
of Obstetricians and Gynecologists; American Cancer Society,
Carbon Monoxide Poison
The best way to avoid carbon monoxide poisoning is to make
sure all your heating appliances are working well. This includes
any appliance that burns gas, oil, kerosene, wood or charcoal.
a professional check your appliances every year.
appliances that vent fumes to the outside.
and follow instructions that come with heating appliances.
of the symptoms of carbon monoxide poisoning:
think you may have carbon monoxide poisoning, leave your house,
go to an emergency department and tell them what you think
might be wrong. Carbon monoxide poisoning can be fatal if
it's allowed to continue.
information about carbon monoxide, visit the Consumer Protection
Agency Web site (http://www.cpsc.gov/)
The environmental Protection Agency, December 2001
Factors for Glaucoma
Glaucoma refers to a group of eye diseases with the following
characteristics: high pressure, optic nerve damage and vision
loss. Left untreated, glaucoma causes blindness. Risk factors
over age 60
of African-American heritage and over age 40
be checked for glaucoma
ages 35 and 40
40, every 2 to 3 years
60, every 1 to 2 years
The Glaucoma Foundation, December 2001
Good on Ice
Four-wheel-drive sport utility vehicles can help you drive
through snow, but they don't give you any added safety when
it comes to driving on ice. Don't let your SUV give you a
false sense of security. The best way to drive on ice, SUV
or not, is to go so slowly that you don't even have to put
your foot on the brake to stop.
hidden danger for winter drivers is "black" ice. It's on the
road, but you can't see it. You can be driving without a problem
and suddenly you've done a 180-degree turn into a tree.
cautious in the morning, when black ice is less likely to
have been melted by the sun.
Checklist for Winter
A few reminders:
the gas tank filled. If you get stranded, you'll need to
run the engine for heat. (Don't forget to keep the window
open a little if this happens.)
the windshield wipers in good condition.
sure your wiper fluid is full.
the cooling system.
you drive around a lot in the snow, get snow tires, even
if you have four-wheel or front-wheel drive. The added traction
greatly improves the safety of your ride.
snow off your whole car. Snow on the roof blows off when
you drive. It blocks your vision or another driver's.
The American Academy of Ophthalmology, December 2001