Mercy Eye Center
Retinal detachment is a condition that occurs when the light-sensitive membrane in the eye becomes separated from the layers that support it. People more at risk for retinal detachment include people who:
- are nearsighted
- have a family history of retinal detachment
- have posterior vitreous detachment (PVD)
- have had cataract surgery
- have had trauma to the eye
- have uncontrolled diabetes
- have a personal medical history of eye disease
There are three types of retinal detachment
- rhegmatogenous – the most common form of retinal detachment where a retinal tear or break causes fluid to push under the retina separating it from the layer that nourishes it.
- tractional – where retinal scar tissue shrinks and causes the retina to become detached
- exudative – fluid leaks under the retina causing detachment but no tear or break is present. This form is frequently caused by eye injury or trauma, inflammatory disorders or retinal disease.
Symptoms of retinal detachment include:
- sudden bright flashes of light
- blurred vision or blindness in one part of your eyesight
- eye “floaters” that appear like pieces of lint or specks of dirt
If you suspect retinal detachment you should see your eye doctor immediately, or call 9-1-1 if you cannot find someone to take you to your doctor’s office or the ER. Surgical repair is ideally performed within a few days of diagnosis. Prompt treatment is almost always successful in preserving sight.
Treatment of retinal tears and detachment include laser photocoagulation, cryopexy
, pneumatic retinopexy, scleral buckling